Call us on 0800XXXXXX

HILLMILITARYMEDALS.CO.UK

BRITISH MILITARY HISTORY - WORLD WAR 2 - OPERATION MARKEY GARDEN.

In late 1944 As part of "Operation Market Garden" Field Marshall Montgomerys plan, the Parachute Regiment and American 82nd Airborne and 101st were dropped deep behind German enemy lines with 4 objectives to capture and hold, these include - Grave, Eindhoven, Nijmegen and the Last and deepest of them was the Bridge at Arnhem. This was the largest Airborne drop ever (upto that point) and was followed by a second wave including the Staffordshire regiment (now mercian) and Polish Brigade.

The idea was was to hold and secure each bridge (for 48 hours) along the route to allow XX Corps Allied Tanks to pass through them.

The 1st Bridge being Grave was secured by the American 82nd Airborne and allowed the Allied armour led by the Guards Armoured Brigade and Spearheaded by the Irish Guards in mainly Sherman Tanks  (Lt Col Vanderlier) and including Grenadier and Coldstream Guards to punch a hole through and link up with each unit along the route.

3 of the 4 Objectives were held and secured but the tanks could not break through and reach the Paras at Arnhem the last of the 4 Bridges..

The Paras were dropped amongst an Elite SS Panzer unit that were re-fitting their heavy panzers including the New King Tiger Tanks and held one end of the Bridge at Arnhem despite having no armour or proper anti-tank weapons (apart from the light PIAT) they held out for 5 days before being ordered to withdraw.

A Series of events led to the Operation failing even though 3 of the 4 objectives were completed and the Parachute regiment took the brunt of it and suffered very high fatalities and casualties with no way of withdraw.

Some of the events causing the failure include The Crystal radios were not effective at long range and the units could not contact each other other than by the old fashioned runner. This was partly due to the amount of water in the lowlands which interfered with radio frequency. Intelligence had not picked up on the fact the SS Panzers were close reffiting, although the Dutch Resistance had identified the presence of heavy enemy armour and that a German high ranking Panzer General was in the area. The Germans also flooded the grounds either side of the roads and set up a very effective 88mm anti tank system which could not be broken and picked off tanks and blocked road movement. Bad weather meant that the second wave of Airborne troops (Including the Polish Brigade) could not be dropped when they were planned. When the weather cleared they did finally drop but the LZ's and DZ'S (Landing Zone & Drop Zones) had already been overun and captured meaning the Airborne and Glider forces landing were mainly killed or captured.

The last bridge at Arnhem become known as the "Bridge to Far" and the Parachute Regiment (PARAS) made a reputation that they were a tough outfit capable of unbelievable acts of courage and determination. To this day the Parachute regiment have a Nijmegan Company.

On a lighter note - On the 4th day of fighting the Germans approached the Bridge waving a White flag and offered to accept the Surrender of the Para's. The CO (Commanding Officer) of the Para's told the Germans "We cant accept your surrender as there are to many of you and we have no way to accomadate you all".  Even amongst the death and destruction and sheer hopelessness of the situation the Paras still had a sense of humour.

HILLMILITARYMEDALS.CO.UK

Prices from:

£0.00
MILITARY HISTORY WW2 OPERATION MARKET GARDEN
Options:
Qty:

Shopping Basket

  • Your basket is currently empty.

Checkout »

Top Sellers

BRITISH PARACHUTE REGIMENT BERET
£19.79
CLEAR PLASTIC MEDAL WALLET
£0.15
FULL SIZE 1 SPACE MEDAL BROOCH BAR
£1.99
STANDARD BLACK MEDAL BOX
£1.50
MINIATURE 1 SPACE MEDAL BROOCH BAR
£1.90
Free Delivery on all orders over £100
Pay by Visa, Maestro, Mastercard